Nginx的安装和配置

1.安装说明:

系统环境:Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS

软件:nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz

安装位置:/opt/nginx

 

2.安装

需要用到的安装包:

openssl-fips-2.0.10.tar.gz

zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz

pcre-8.37.tar.gz

nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz

安装顺序依次为:opensslzlibpcre, 然后安装Nginx

 

2.1安装openssl-fips-2.0.2.tar.gz

tar –zxvf openssl-fips-2.0.10.tar.gz

cd openssl-fips-2.0.10

./config

make

make install

2.2 安装zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz

tar –zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz

cd zlib-1.2.8

./configure

make

make install

2.3安装pcre-8.37.tar.gz (需安装编译c++环境: apt-get install build-essential)

在安装pcre-8.37.tar.gz之前需要安装c++编译环境,否则在执行./configure时会报错。

apt-get install build-essential

 

tar –zxvf pcre-8.37.tar.gz

cd pcre-8.37

./configure

make

make install

2.4安装nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz

tar -zxvf nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.8.0

./configure –with-pcre=../pcre-8.37 –with-zlib=../zlib-1.2.8 –with-openssl=../openssl-fips-2.0.10

make

make install

至此Nginx的安装完成!

检测nginx是否安装成功

cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin

./nginx –t

出现如下所示提示,表示安装成功

root@wcyong :/usr/local/nginx/sbin# ./nginx -t

nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

启动nginx

./ngixn

查看端口:

netstat -tnlp  | grep nginx

root@wcyong :/usr/local/nginx/sbin# netstat -tnlp | grep nginx

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      2957/nginx

并且通过浏览器访问

3.nginx负载均衡配置

打开 /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 配置文件,做如下配置即可:

user  root root;
worker_processes  1;
  
#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
error_log  logs/error.log  warn;
  
pid        logs/nginx.pid;
  
  
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
  
  
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
  
    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
  
    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;
  
    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;
  
    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
  
    #gzip  on;
  
    #设定负载均衡的服务器列表
    upstream myserver{
     server 192.168.1.171:8080;
                 server 192.168.1.172:8080;
                 server 192.168.1.173:8080;
    }
  
    #侦听服务器信息
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  192.168.1.110;
        
        #charset koi8-r;
  
        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
  
        location / {
                         #root   html;
                         #index  index.html index.htm;
                         proxy_pass http://myserver;
                         proxy_redirect off;
                         proxy_set_header Host $host;
                         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
                         #后端的Web服务器可以通过X-Forwarded-For获取用户真实IP
                         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        }
  
        #error_page  404              /404.html;
  
        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }
  
        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}
  
        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}
  
        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }
  
  
    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;
  
    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}
  
  
    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;
  
    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;
  
    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;
  
    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
  
    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}
  
}

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